Placement Test Resources for PERT Reading
Skill: Determining Main Ideas
The main idea is the most important idea in reading. It is also called the author’s point. The main idea statement covers all the major details.
Skill: What is the Author's Purpose
Skill: Making Inferences
Skill: Recognizing Patterns of Organization
Skill: Determining Relationships Between Sentences & Within Sentences
Skill: Determining Bias
Bias is when a statement reflects a partiality, preference, or prejudice for or against a person, object, or idea. Much of what you read and hear expresses a bias. Bias is when a writer or speaker uses a selection of facts, choice of words, and the quality and tone of description, to convey a particular feeling or attitude. Its purpose is to convey a certain attitude or point of view toward the subject.
As you read or listen to biased materials, keep the following questions in mind:
What facts has the author omitted?
What additional information is necessary?
What words create positive or negative impressions?
What impression would I have if different words had been used?
Biased information tries to change your mind, how you think. Being aware of and knowing how to identify, analyze, and assimilate biased information properly is a skill to be treasured. It puts you in charge of how you think instead of the print and media world. (Cuesta College Critically Evaluating the Logic and Validity of Information)
Skill: Determining Fact & Opinion
A fact is an actual thing that exists and is provable, observable, and measurable. A discussion of a fact might include the following: numbers, corroborate, statistics, record, verified, substantiate, document, prove, eyewitness, photographs.
Facts are certainties.
An opinion is a personal belief or judgment that is not founded on proof or certainty.
Opinions are debatable.
Skill: Determining the Implied Main Idea
The implied main idea is not stated. Determining the author’s point is similar to making inferences. In this type of question, the reader determines the author’s point by identifying the topic and the major details.
Ask yourself what the author is telling you through these details?
What do they have in common?
What is the common thread?